Young people have faced unprecedented challenges over the past two years due to multiple crises: the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, climate change, violence and armed conflict, and their combined effects . However, the mobilization of young people for peace, social justice, climate action and equality has remained unwavering and essential to the peaceful development of societies. Young women and men have continued to drive peace even as the impact of the pandemic has reinforced barriers and created new challenges for their meaningful participation in peace and security processes. The safety, security and protection of young people has not improved: Shrinking civic spaces, coupled with the impact of armed conflict and the pandemic, have resulted in serious protection issues requiring urgent action. Young people, especially young women, risk being left behind in terms of education, economic opportunities, health and social protection at a crucial stage in their lives. Inclusive partnerships with young peacebuilders are crucial to the youth and peace and security agenda and should be a priority for all partners. Prevention efforts can only be effective if the capacities, perspectives, contextual knowledge and creativity of diverse groups of young people are utilized. The institutionalization of the agenda has accelerated significantly since the first report on youth and peace and security (S/2020/167), but deep challenges persist that concern the meaningful participation of young people in decision-making and financing peacebuilding, which is youth-led and inclusive.